Personal, Social, Health and Citizenship Education
Personal, social, health and citizenship education (PSHCE) and citizenship help to give pupils the knowledge, skills and understanding they need to lead confident, healthy, independent lives and to become informed, active, responsible citizens.
Pupils learn to recognise their own worth and appreciate the value of working with others throughout the whole programme. Generally, the areas covered can be divided into four:-
1. Development of confidence and responsibility and making the most of their abilities
- This allows pupils to form views and opinions on issues that affect themselves and society.
- They should be able to set themselves small, realistic goals and their achievements.
- They should appreciate how feelings may change as puberty is approached and how they can be dealt with positively
- They become knowledgeable about different careers and the different skills that are required.
- They should be encouraged to appreciate money and realise that future wants and needs are met through saving.
2. Preparation to play an active role as citizens
- This allows pupils to appreciate why and how rules are made and enforced.
- To realise the consequences of anti-social behaviour, especially bullying and racism.
- To appreciate different responsibilities, duties and rights at home and at school.
- To appreciate and learn to understand spiritual, moral, social and cultural issues.
- To learn what democracy is and about basic institutions both locally and nationally.
- To appreciate the range of national, regional, religious and ethnic identities in the UK.
- The resources available in different areas and the economic consequences on the community.
- To explore how the media presents information.
3. Developing a healthy, safer, lifestyle
This allows pupils to:
- Appreciate a healthy lifestyle, including the benefits of exercise and healthy eating.
- Realise the importance of personal hygiene.
- Learn and accept how the body changes in puberty.
- Realise which commonly available substances and drugs are legal and illegal, their effects and risks.
- Appreciate personal safety, including road safety and safety in the home.
- Realise how to resist peer pressure.
4. Developing good relationships and respecting the differences between people
This allows pupils to:
- Appreciate how their behaviour affects themselves and others.
- Think of the lives of people with different values and customs.
- Be aware of different types of relationships and how to develop skills to be effective in relationships.
- Recognise and challenge stereotypes.
- Appreciate differences and similarities of people from different cultural, ethnic, racial and religious diversity, gender and disability.
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